Tips On How To Join Wood Planks Together
Have you ever wonder how to join wood planks together? When designing projects for your own home or making your own furniture, there are dozens of ways to join wood planks together. From complex dovetails to edge joints, there are lots of techniques for wood joining.
But when you are going to join the wood planks side by side, an edge joint seems like a great challenge. Or when you are joining the corner side (butt joint or miter corner), then you need a strong option instead of glue. That is why I think you need to have basic knowledge of woodworking.
The proper knowledge or basic idea will give you a solid fashion in your woodworking. I design this article with some simple tips and tricks that make the joining of your wood planks together quick and easy. Let’s discuss briefly the total plans that I designed for you in details.
Method 1 (Making an Edge Joint):
Step 1 (Mark the wood planks with chalk):
First of all, arrange the wood planks you have. If you arrange them, you can observe the best looking side of each wood plank for your final project. Align the wood planks around in a charming natural pattern. When you got the final alignment, use a chalk to draw a V-shape across them. For example, when you are making a table, you will go for the most engaging sides of your planks for the tabletop.
Step 2 (Lay the planks across strips of scrap wood):
Fixed the evenly and thin sized strips of wood under both ends of your planks. Raise them off and use glue and clamp in wood planks. Raising plank helps to seep out the excess glue and keep the work surface clean. If your planks are long, add a strip of scrap wood in the middle.
Step 3 (Use glue in the edge of wood plank):
Now you can use a little glue in the edge of wood plank. Hold the bottle and nozzle with hands to spread the glue in your woodworking project. Move the nozzle across the edge steadily and quickly. When you are joining do not use glue to both edges. Do not use too much glue in your joining.
Step 4 (Clamp the planks):
- Clamp the planks and make sure that they are close to each other.
- Press them together and secure them with clamp.
- Add a clamp at each end based on your planks length.
Ensure that the wood planks are close to each other so you would not have any defect after the glue has dried.
Step 5 (Wipe away excess glue):
If you find any access used of glue, you then wipe them after 20 minutes. Let’s follow the simple tips how to wipe the excess glue. These simple tips will make your cleanup process easy:
- Take a moistened cloth instantly
- Wipe the glue on the surface area with that cloth
- Remove the clamp after 20 minutes
- Carefully turn over the planks and clean the bottom side
- Scrape the excess glue from the side with a knife
Gently handle the joined planks as it needs several hours to dry. However, you may have to wait an hour to remove the clamps in moist weather.
Step 6 (Allow the glue to dry):
Now leave the joint overnight and allow them to dry. The glue would not reach the highest strength for a few hours when you easily remove the clamps after a short time. So before doing any further work on your planks let it dries overnight.
Method 2 (Drilling pocket holes at corner joints):
Step 1 (Plan your work before you drill):
You should have a good plan before you make a drill for your work. Let’s see the following process:
- When you are ready for joining, lay out the wood planks to get the final project.
- Take a pencil to draw the specific point for drilling
- Mark the places where you want to drill (pocket holes)
Try to ensure that you are drilling into the edge of the grain. Because drilling into the end of the grain makes a weaker joint. By checking the texture of the surface, you can identify the edge grain from end grains. The end grain is looking rough and porous. Also, you will see the uncovered radius of tree’s growth rings at the end grain. They are looking clearly arranged set of curved lines. To complete the process, you need to do:
- You will drill sample holes into a wood plank
- Align it with another plank
- Then drive screws with the first hole of wood plank and into the second plank
Tips: It is better to practice on scrap wood before drilling pocket for the first time wood workman.
Step 2 (Set the thickness of the jig to your wood):
There is a complete alignment guide for a quality pocket hole jig. This guide is made into the shaft where the guide holes are found. You can fix it by pulling it in and out of the jig’s body. Get the line on the guide marked with your wood’s thickness to set the jig. Go for a jig with an incorporated clamp and alignment guide.
Step 3 (Put the bit into the guide hole of jig to fix the bit collar):
- A pocket hole drill bit comes with a collar that you use to control the thickness of the hole
- Take an Allen wrench
- Loosen the collar from the bit by using that wrench
- Put the bit into the guide holes of jig
- Set the collar on the top end of the bit so it sits close to the jig
- Then gently tighten the collar
Step 4 (Clamp your board into the jig):
- Set the wood plank in the jig, so the points you built are positioned with the guide hole of the jig
- Tighten the clamp to lock it into place
Ensure that the side you are drilling would not be seen in your final project. For instance, when you are making a frame ensure that you are drilling back side of the plank.
Step 5 (Drill holes at high speed):
- lock the bit in your power drill
- Set the drill to its highest speed to make a clean holes
- Put the bit in the guide holes of the jig
- Drill between the collar and end of the bit
- Then pull out the bit to clear shavings
- Put your bit into the guide hole in another side of the plank and repeat the process
Step 6 (Fix your planks and clamp them at the joint):
- Line up your wood planks and check the hole you drilled in an accurate direction
- Use a drop of glue to an edge of the planks for joining
- Press the edges of the plank together
- Then tighten a clamp upon the joint to lock the planks in place
Tips: Your joint would not be close to each other if you drive screws without clamping the planks. Use the glue when using screws to make a strong joint.
Step 7: Select the right screws for your work. You can use well thread pocket hole screws for hardwood surface. Choosing the screws to depend on the thickness of your wood plank.
Step 8: Slowly drive screws through the holes. Carefully drive the screw after placing it in the drill. When you have finished driving your screws to remove the clamp.
Step 9: Wipe away the extra glue. Use a damp cloth to wipe the excess glue from the joint
Joining a wood plank together is highly important to produce more complex item. But if you don’t have the proper knowledge on how to join wood planks together, you can’t produce a quality item that lasts for longer. A standard wood plank joint means flexibility, toughness, strength, appearance, etc.
I hope after reading this article, you will get the proper idea how you can join the wood plank together. Hope you will enjoy your woodworking to know the right way of joining wood plank together.